Prince Henry founds the School of Navigation in 1419
Let's explore the world!
Christoper Columbus arrives in the Americas in 1492
They don't look like Asians...
We did it! We found Asia!
The Fall of the Aztecs in 1521
Oh, no! These diseases are tearing us apart!
Now that we have conquered your empire, I shall call this region New Spain!
"Henry the Navigator", the prince of Portugal, sets up a research center in Sagres, Portugal. There, he works with sailors, cartographers, and shipbuilders to learn more about map-making, navigation, and science so that they can explore the sea and map Africa's coastline.
The English Defeat the Spanish Armada in 1588
We did it! We beat them! Now we can start exploring Asia and North America!
What's up with these waves? I bet there's a storm coming...
Italian navigator Christopher Columbus, accompanied by a crew of about 90, reaches the Caribbean in search for gold on Spain-sponsored ships the Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria. However, he is unaware that he has reached the continent of South America, not Asia.
The Commercial Revolution begins in the 1600s
Porcelain, tea, and wool for sale! The wool is homemade! Come get the finest Chinese goods for a fraction of the price!
Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes captures the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan after European diseases such as smallpox and measles kill off most of the Aztecs. This allows Spain to set up a government in the region and mine large amounts of gold and silver.
The Columbian Exchange 1492-the present
Oh, no! We are dying from European diseases!
Now we have chocolate and tomatoes! Delicious!
During Spain and England's feud over England's alliance with the Dutch, Spain sends a fleet of ships called the Spanish Armada to attack England. But the bulky Spanish ships are no match for England's quick little ships. During the Armada's journey home, a storm arises and breaks it up for good.
It's too hard to steer! They're too quick! We're doomed!
The Commercial Revolution begins when European merchants trade goods based on supply and demand. Soon, they become entrepreneurs and form joint-stock companies. In order to make more of a profit, these companies start hiring peasants, leading to the rise of the Cottage Industry.
When Columbus brings goods back from America to Europe, he begins a global exchange of people, goods, ideas, and technology. New crops and animals impact Europe, Asia, Africa, and America's farming, health, population, and economy. But diseases that were also transferred take about 100 million lives.
Help! The Europeans are enslaving us! I don't want to leave Africa!