A theme of The Pearl is family. Kino, Juana and Coyotito do not have much but they are happy together as a family. Kino shows that he will do anything for his family by searching for and finding a pearl that will help them. Juana shows her concerns about the pearl, because she fears their family will be torn apart.
A motif of the book is nature. Nature is very present all through out the book. Coyotito gets stung by a scorpion, and since they cant afford a doctor yet, Juana uses seaweed to heal him. Kino finds a pearl which will give them great wealth. Some nature is against and some times it is on their side.
Hopes and Aspirations
Another motif is greed. It is very prevalent through out the text. The family starts off with close to nothing, but then Kino comes across a pearl which could throw all their money troubles away. Once he finds it he thinks of all the things he could do with it. The doctor who would not treat them earlier, now was treating the baby and was playing tricks to get more money from Kino and Juana. Even the priest was fantasizing about what he could do with the riches. Juana is the only one concerned about how this money and greed could affect them
A theme of The Pearl, is discrimination. When Coyotito gets stung by the scorpion, they need treatment from a doctor. They go to the doctor to get help, but they don't have any money. The doctor refuses to treat Coyotito because he will not get payed. He even talks down to them and says he is not a vet, comparing them to animals.
Another theme is, hopes and aspirations. Kino has many aspirations and dreams, especially once he finds the pearl. He dreams of getting a proper marriage with Juana. He also wants new clothing, a harpoon and a rifle.
The various songs in the Peal were a motif of the book. The song of family represented strength and love of their family. It makes Kino feel happy and safe. The song of evil signifies dishonesty, distrust and malice. It causes feelings of threat and hurt. The song of the pearl embodies hope for a better future for Kino, Juana and Coyotito.