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  • The Inca
  • The sun god has led us here. 
  • Inca Architecture
  • The Pacific Northwest
  • Here, have this. 
  • The Inca believed that the sun god´s son brought them there. They lived in a mountainous area around the time of the Aztec. An emperor named Pachacuti used a powerful military and strong central government to expand the Inca Empire. The empire was well organized because the emperor had 4 regional officials who would help him and they had a strong bureaucracy. They used a technique called terrace farming to grow crops in the mountains. 
  • The Ancient Pueblo
  • The Inca were a very sophisticated culture and they were gifted engineers and builders. They built roads and bridges to help them trade and travel. They built entire cities out of stone without the use of iron or steel tools. They built a city called Machu Picchu, which is located on a mountain. It had religious temples, royal houses, and homes for workers. Machu Picchu survived the Spanish conquest because it was never found. They also built aqueducts out of stone to carry water. 
  • The Mound Builders
  • There were many different cultures who lived in the Pacific Northwest. Most of them didn't even need to farm because the oceans, rivers, and lakes provided them with all the resources they needed. A group of people called the Tlingit thrived in the Pacific Northwest. Wood was central to the Tlingit culture and they used it to make plates, utensils, homes, and canoes. There were also two other cultures called the Kwakiutl and the Haida. They both traded extensively and had potlatches. They also made totem poles and masks to honor the families. 
  • The Great Plains
  • Couldn´t find buffalo
  • The Pueblo was a group of people who lived in the desert. They used a technique called dry farming to farm in the harsh environment. They started to create villages and permanent houses out of stone and adobe. They were skilled artisans who created beautiful baskets and pottery. They built two great cities, Mesa Verde and Pueblo Bonito. Pueblo Bonito housed 1200 people and had 600 room and 30 kivas. It was abandoned in the 1200s. Mesa Verde was located under the overhang of a cliff to protect themselves. Mesa Verde housed around 5,000 people. 
  • This looks like a good place to make pots. 
  • The mound builders started east of the Mississipi River at around 1,000 B.C. They built huge mounds of earth for religious and ceremonial purposes, hence the name, mound builders. Some of the mounds were in the shape of animals. They were mostly hunter-gatherers, but they also farmed and tamed wild crops. The Hopewell, one of the mound-building cultures, fell in 500 A.D. for an unknown reason. The Mississippians, a new mound-building culture,  emerged at around 800, but they built mounds around a plaza. They built a city called Cahokia, which had a highly organized society and engaged in a lot of trade. The center of Cahokia was Monks Mound, which would have been enough to fill 45,000 dump trucks today.  
  • Now we need to add a new layer to the mound.
  • The people of the Great Plains lived in areas from Texas to Canada. The built earth lodges to survive the cold winters. They were mostly hunter-gatherers and had their own individual cultures. They practiced religious ceremonies based on a good harvest. They hunted buffalo, almost to extinction, because they were a valuable resource. They used all parts of the buffalo and there was a surplus of them before they started hunting.  
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