We are from the South. We want slavery, and we don't want CA to become a state.
Compromise of 1850
I'm from the North. NO SLAVERY!
Fugitive Slave Act Uncle Tom's Cabin
"To go tither, to escape across the Ohio River, were the first hurried outlines of her plan to escape; beyond which she could only hope..." - Uncle Tom's Cabin
Trouble in Kansas
North wanted slavery outlawed; south wanted slavery to expand. Power balanced in the gov. (north vs. south) South didn't want CA entering the US as a free state. Compromise of 1850 created to try & prevent the South seceding from Union; CA would enter the US as a free state; Mexican Cession would be divided (UT & NM); popular sovereignty would decide slavery in UT & NM.
Dred Scott Decision
Fugitive Slave Act: created to help slaveholders catch runaway slaves; allowed runaway slaves to be arrested in free areas; made it a crime to help runaway slaves Uncle Tom's Cabin: written by Harriet Beecher Stowe to gain support for abolitionists
John Brown's Raid on Harpers Ferry
Kansas-Nebraska Act: would split the remaining Lousiana Purchase into two territories (Kansas & Nebraska); popular sovereignty would decide the question of slavery Bloody Kansas: The North was outraged, and both sides rushed supporters to Kansas. Riots and violence ensued, and over 200 people died.
Abraham Lincoln Elected President
The Supreme Court Ruled: - Dred Scott didn't have the right to be an American citizen, sue in federal court, or gain his freedom. - The Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional. Much to the dismay of the North, this ruling meant that Congress didn't have the right to ban slavery.
On Oct. 16, 1859, John Brown and twenty men led a raid on the arsenal in Harpers Ferry, VA, in hopes of starting a slave rebellion. He failed and was attacked by local southerners. Brown and his surviving followers retreated to a firehouse, where they were captured by U.S. Marines. Only ten of his men survived. Brown later stood trial and was found guilty.
In 1860, Abraham Lincoln was elected president of the United States. He was member of the Republican party, originally from Illinois, who opposed the spread of slavery. He ran for the U.S. Senate in 1858, and although he lost, he became a well known political figure.