As American nation expanded westward by the 1830s, many Native Americans still lived in the eastern part of the country. The “Five Civilized Tribes” - Cherokee, Creek, Seminole,Chickasaw, and Choctaw. These tribes had established farming societies with successful economies.
President Andrew Jackson
I dont care, move or we`ll make yall
In 1830 President Jackson pushed the Indian Removal Act through Congress. The act allowed the federal government to pay Native Americans to move west. Some Native Americans refused and most felt they were forced to sell their lands. .
The Cherokee Nation
The Natives however, refused to give up their land. They went to the state of Georgia eventually their case reach the Chief Justice John ruled that Georgia had no right to interfere with the Cherokee. President Jackson supported Georgia;s efforts to the Cherokee. He declared that he would go to war with the Supreme Court.
Trail of Tears
President Andrew Jackson a man of the frontier himself, supported the settlers demand for native land. He had fought the natives and Seminole peoples during the War of 1812. In his Inaugural Address, he stated that he intended to move all Native Americans to the west
The Cherokee however, refused to give up their land. They sued the state of Georgia eventually their case reach the Supreme Court. Chief Justice John Marshall ruled that Georgia had no right to interfere with the Cherokee. President Jackson supported Georgia;s efforts to remove the Cherokee. He declared that he would ignore the Supreme Court.
No we staying
With 7,000 federal troops, General Windfield Scott threatened to use force if the Cherokee did not leave. Filled with sadness and anger, the Cherokee leave gave in and the long march to the West began. Around 4,000 natives died from starvation, disease, and exposure to brutal. Their forced journey west became known to the as the Trail of Tears.