In 1910 Galileo published a book called Starry Messanger which stated that Jupiter had 4 moons and that the Earth's moon had a rough surface
Galileo published a book called Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems. that showed he supported Copernicus’s ideas which the church didn’t like. The church then put him under house arrest until he died.
(from inside the Church) We need to disown Galileo, he's going against everything we know
In the mid-1600s Isaac Newton developed ideas under a single theory of motion. In 1687 as a group published the book talking about the mathematical principles of natural philosophy.