Jackie raised in relative poverty by a single mother he was the youngest of five children
Jack Roosevelt Robinson was born on January 31, 1919, in Cairo, Georgia
He attended John Muir High School and Pasadena Junior College, where he was an excellent athlete and played four sports: football, basketball, track, and baseball.
In early 1945, while Robinson was at Sam Huston College, the Kansas City Monarchs sent him a written offer to play professional baseball in the Negro leagues.
In the early 1940s, Jackie Robinson met nurse-in-training Rachel Isum Robinson when they were both attending the University of California, Los Angeles. The couple was married on February 10, 1946.
On April 15, 1947, 28-year-old Jackie Robinson made his Major League Baseball debut with the Dodgers, against the Boston Braves, in front of more than 25,000 spectators at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn, New York. Robinson played first base and went zero for three at the plate.
An exceptional base runner, Jackie Robinson stole home 19 times in his career, setting a league record. In 1955, he helped the Dodgers win the World Series. Before he retired, he became the highest-paid athlete in Dodgers history.
In 1962, Robinson was the first African-American to be inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame. In 1972, the Dodgers retired his jersey number of 42.
Jackie Robinson died from heart problems and diabetes complications on October 24, 1972, in Stamford, Connecticut.
In memory of Jackie Robinson “There's not an American in this country free until every one of us is free.” —Jackie Robinson