The Virginia and New Jersey plans and the Great Compromise
The Virginia Plan
I, from Virginia, say that we have more people to represent, so we need more representatives!
The Virginia plan demands that states with a larger population should gain representation
The New Jersey Plan
I, from New Jersey, say that smaller states should have the same amount of influence as the larger ones!
And New Jersey is demanding the opposite, that all states have equal representatives
One was the House of representatives which had a different number of representatives per state based on its size.
The Great Compromise (Part 1)
So a compromise was made, two houses, The House and The Senate were made
The Senate favored the little states, where each state provided two senators
The Great Compromise (Part 2)
But there was more to be compromised. The Southern states wanted slaves to count as part of the population so the could gain representatives and power. The 3/5 compromise was made, meaning 3/5 of the slave population counted towards the overall state population.