Theodora was the Empress of the Byzantine empire from 527 to 565. She was married to Emperor Justinian. She had a very important influence in the making of new laws, and Justinian considered her his most trusted advisor.
During the Nika Riots, Justinian and his officials prepared to flee. Instead of following, Theodora gave an inspiring speech about the importance of bravery in rulers and convinced Justinian to send soldiers, killing 30,00 rebels.
Theodora was also a pioneer for women's rights. She passed laws giving women more rights in divorce cases and ones that banned prostitution.