The 13 colonies are hereby banned from settling west of the...
Boston Tea Party
British leaders feared that more fighting would take place if colonists kept moving onto Native American lands. To avoid more conflict, King George III issued the Proclamation of 1763, which banned British settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains and to leave the upper Ohio River valley.
On March 5, 1770 the colonists were rallying when British soldiers arrived. Someone shouted, "Fire!" and the soldiers shot 11 colonists. Three died on the spot and two died a few days later.
First Continental Congress
What should we do?
On the night of December 16, 1773, colonists disguised as Native Americans sneaked onto three tea filled ships. The colonists ended up dumping over 340 tea chests into Boston Harbor. This event became known as the Boston Tea Party.
The Townshend Acts
Lord North, the British prime minister was furious when he heard about the Boston Tea Party, so parliament decided to punish Boston. In 1774 the Coercive Acts, or the Intolerable Acts as the colonists called them, passed laws that closed Boston Harbor until the ruined tea was paid for, and other similar punishments.
The Intolerable Acts...
The first Continental Congress was held in 1774 in response to the Intolerable Acts. 12 of the 13 colonies sent representatives to the Carpenter's Hall in Philadelphia to unit and discuss what actions were to be taken against England.
The Townshend Acts were laws, passed by Parliament in 1767, which taxed goods imported to the colonies. But American colonists, who had no representation in Parliament, saw it as an abuse of power. The colonies decided to responded by boycotting goods like tea, glass, paper, and lead. The boycotting was supported by the Daughters of Liberty.