My name is Charlemagne, and I am the rightful King, striving to make a Christian Empire!
As of today, you, Charlemagne are now titled the Holy Roman Emperor.
Thank you! I promise to follow what God wants me to do. Make a Christian Empire!
God made me Emperor!
No! I am telling you it was the work of the Church!
Charlemagne was a king in Europe who wanted to establish a Christian Empire. Charlemagne was convinced that his victories were proof that he had God's blessing. He set out to improve the Church as a way to thank God for all of his achievements. Although Charlemagne was king, he set out to become an emperor.
I have the power to remove any Emperor from the throne! Only the Pope can make someone a bishop!
That is not fair! I have power as the Emperor too!
Charlemagne and the Pope worked together because in 799 Pope Leo lll asked for Charlemagne protection from being removed from the Church. Charlemagne agreed and as a result, was crowned Holy Roman Emperor. As a result, the Pope won power to crown emperors which angered the Byzantine Emperor.
I was sent by the Pope to become bishop here!
The King already sent me here to be the rightful bishop!
Charlemagne believed that God made him Emperor in order to do God's work on Earth. However, the Pope believed that the Church was the reason Charlemagne became the emperor. Two hundred years later, those views led to a fight between the emperor, and the Pope.
I have allowed you to give fiefs of land! Why can you not be happy with that?
I want to be able to appoint bishops also!
In 1073, Pope Gregory had definite ideas about the power the Pope had. He came out with a list of rules that made his power clear and gave him authority over the Church and secular. King Henry IV saw it as an attack to his strength and rights, so the two men fought.
King Henry ignored the Pope's rules and put his bishop in Milan, and the Pope put a rival bishop there. The Pope excommunicated King Henry and freed Henry's workers from their oaths. People across Europe were not sure who's rules that should be following, the Pope or the King.
The conflict eventually ended by allowing emperors to give fiefs to bishops to win their loyalty. The Concordat of Worms was an agreement that gave the Church the sole authority to appoint bishops. The Concordat of Worms was not a success because even with the deal, Popes and rulers still fought.