Thank you Pope Leo, I am so thankful to be emperor!
Charlemagne, the chruch made you emperor and it is your duty to assist the Church in God's work on Earth.
No, God made me emperor and it is your duty to assist me in God's work on Earth.
This is an insult and attack on my rights! Shame on you!
I have issued a list of rules about the powers of a pope and the pope's authority. Hahahaha!
Charlemagne is a Christian ruler who set out to improve the church and achieve the title of the “emperor.” They worked together by Charlemagne traveling to Rome to support the pope. Pope Leo rewarded Charlemagne by crowning him emperor. The two lasting effects were that it strengthened the power of the church in Western Europe by the principle that only a pope could crown an emperor. The next effect was that the same idea was seen as an insult to the Byzantine emperor, so this led to the great schism.
The pope has chosen me as his bishop.
The emperor has chosen me as his bishop.
Charlemagne believed that God made him emperor in order to do God’s work on Earth. It was the duty of the pope to assist him in that work. The pope believed that the Church made Charlemagne emperor and that it was the duty of the emperor to assist the Church in doing God’s work on Earth. Two-hundred years later, after Charlemagne’s coronation, these different views led to a dramatic clash between the emperor and the pope.
I forgive you emperor Henry!
In 1073, Pope Gregory had strong ideas about the powers of the pope so he issued a list of rules declaring his supreme authority over both the Church and secular leaders. He declared the pope alone had the power to choose bishops and remove emperors from power. King Henry IV thought it was a direct attack on his own power and rights.
We have reached an agreement with each other.
The conflict between Pope Gregory and King Henry began when Henry ignored the pope’s rules and named his own bishop for the city of Milan, Italy. Pope Gregory responded by appointing a rival bishop. Emperor Henry then tried to remove Gregory as pope, but Pope Gregory excommunicated Henry. Then the pope freed Henry’s subjects from their feudal oaths of loyalty to the emperor. The members of the clergy and secular rulers across Europe reacted by taking sides.
We have chosen to side with Pope Gregory!
We have chosen to side with Emperor Henry!
The conflict ended by Henry visiting the pope in an Italian Castle, and waiting three days in the snow until Pope Gregory would see Emperor Henry. The pope forgave Henry, but the conflict continued. Henry later took revenge by marching his army to Rome and forcing the pope from office.
Please forgive me Pope Gregory, I am sorry for everything I have done!
The struggle continued long after they died, but in 1122 they reached an agreement called the Concordat of Worms. This agreement gave the Church the sole authority to appoint bishops. On the other hand, it also allowed the emperors to give fiefs, or grants of land, to bishops in order to win their loyalty. Popes and rulers continued to have conflicts despite these agreements.