Hi I'm Charlemagne and I want to improve the Church to thank God for all of my victories.
My goal is to become emperor.
I now crown Charlemagne emperor!
I finally get the title of "emperor!"
I believe that God made me emperor in order to do God's work on Earth.
I believe that the church made me ruler.
Charlemagne was a Christian ruler who wanted to thank God for all his victories. He wished to do this by enhancing the church and to succeed in doing this, he ordered priests, monks, and nuns to live strictly by Church rules. Charlemagne supported the Pope and they worked together. His goal was to be crowned emperor.
My name is Pope Gregory and I have the power to choose my own bishops and I control both church and nonchurch people along with being able to remove emperors from throne!
Nooooo! This is a direct attack on my power and rights!
Pope Leo crowned Charlemagne emperor on Christmas Day. The coronation also had two lasting effects which were that the power of the church in Western Europe was strengthened due to the installed principle that only the pope could crown an emperor. In addition, this was also taken as an insult to the Byzantine emperor from the disagreement over who had the power to crown an emperor. This conflict later split the Eastern and Western Churches.
I am the Pope, why did he ignore my rules?!
Now, I'm going to appoint a rival bishop in response to your bad rule following.
I really hope I don't get excommunicated.
Charlemagne and the Pope had different views on why they were leaders. Charlemagne believed that he was here to do God's work and that God made him in charge. On the other hand, the Pope thought he was ruler due to the church. However, 200 years later, these diverse views lead to a dramatic clash between the Emperors and the Pope.
Concordat of Worms
In 1073, a monk named Hildebrand became Pope Gregory and he created a list of rules stating his supreme authority over both Church and secular leaders. He also claimed the power to choose bishops and remove emperors from their throne. King Henry IV was not a fan of this and was mad and unhappy because the new rules were a direct attack on his power and rights.
The conflict between Pope Gregory and King Henry started because King Henry ignored the Pope’s rules and named his own bishop for the city of Milan, Italy. Pope Gregory reacted to this by appointing a rival bishop and then King Henry tried to remove Gregory as Pope. Later, King Henry was excommunicated by Pope Gregory. The people across Europe reacted to this by being freed from their feudal oaths of loyalty to the emperor by Pope Gregory.
The conflict ended for Pope Gregory and King Henry when the two sides came to an agreement called the Concordat of Worms. The Concordat of Worms gave the church power to choose bishops and allowed emperors to give fiefs (grants of land), to bishops to win their loyalty. However, it was not very successful because popes and rulers continued to have conflicts even after the agreement.