Charlemagne was a christian ruler who tried to improve the church and his goal was to earn the title of emperor. Charlemagne protected the pope from rivals of the pope trying to blind him and remove him from office. Pope Leo III rewarded Charlemagne with a surprise coronation and made him emperor. The lasting effects of the coronation were that in Western Europe the principle was established that only the pope could crown an emperor, while in Eastern Europe the Byzantine emperor took that as an insult and this worsened the growing divisions.
I am very grateful for Charlemagne protecting me from my rivals.
Charlemagne believed that God had made him emperor in order to do God's works on Earth. The pope believed that the church had made him emperor. 200 years later the different views led to a dramatic clash between an emperor and the pope.
I was sent here to become emperor so I can do God's work on Earth.
In 1073, Pope Gregory issued a list of rules declaring his supreme authority over both church and secular leaders. He also declared that the pope had the power to choose bishops. He even claimed to have power to remove emperors from the throne.
I am Pope Gregory and I have supreme authority over both church and secular leaders.
King Henry fought back by ignoring the pope's rules and appointing his own bishop. In response, the pope appointed a rival bishop. Henry tried to remove Gregory as a pope. Pope Gregory then excommunicated Henry. The pope freed Henry’s subjects from their feudal oaths of loyalty to the emperor.
I will make my own choices, and I will not allow the pope to make them for me.
The conflict ended with King Henry going to see the pope in a church and asking for forgiveness. The Concordat of Worms was an agreement that gave the church the sole authority of appointing bishops. Also, it allowed emperors to give fiefs, or grants of land, to bishops in order to win their loyalty.
We agree to the Concordat of Worms agreement.
The agreement was not a success because popes and rulers continued to have conflicts. Rulers thought they had supreme authority and often went against the church's rules. The ego of the emperors led to the popes getting mad and further the amount of conflicts throughout the years.
Emperors are very annoying and never follow the church's rules.
The pope think they are so high and mighty and try to take as much power away from us, emperors.