will you help protect me henry... in return you will be emperor
I can choose bishops
After Roman rule collapsed in Europe the christian church became the stable center of medieval life. Kings restored law and order but the popes claimed authority over all Christendom. The relationship between Charlemagne and Pope Leo III marked a high point in cooperation between ruler and pope.
I think the Popes side
Charlemagne was a christian ruler and his goal was to become an emperor. Charlemagne protected the pope when he fled from Rome, then the pope rewarded Charlemagne by crowning him emperor. Soon the pope had strong ideas of the powers of the pope and said he should be able to have supreme authority over both churches, choose bishops, and remove emperors.
when will he see me... I hope he forgives me
Henry reacted by thinking it was a direct attack of his power and rights and this set a clash between both of them. It first happened when Henry ignored the popes rules by naming his own bishop, Then the pope hired a rival bishop, after Henry tried to remove the pope, as a result the pope excommunicated Henry.
No that is my authority
That is my power
Soon they started fighting about the powers they each had. They both wanted to be able to choose bishop and to have authority over the church. Soon the clergy and secular rules of Europe started to take sides they wanted
Henry tried to stop his excommunication by visiting the pope in a castle. Some stories state that he was in the snow for three days straight until the pope noticed him. Then when Henry was let in the pope forgave Henry
The struggle of power with popes and ruler had continued for a while after Pope Gregory and Henry. Soon the church and Roman Empire agreed on a Concordat of Worms, which had given the church the power to choose bishops. This also allowed emperors to bribe bishops with land to win their loyalty. Even with this agreement of the popes and rulers they still continued to have conflict about their power.