God made me emperor for a reason and you must assist me in fulfilling his duty on Earth
Hello! I am Charlemagne, King of Europe and I hope to one day have my whole country to be Christian
And I am Pope Leo of the Christian church
I made you emperor and god wants me to do that!
God made me emperor and you must assist me in fulfilling his duty on Earth!
But Pope you can't just make new laws without checking with me!!
In Western Europe there was King Charlemagne and Pope Leo III. One day the Pope's life was threatened. He ran to King Charlemagne for protection, and received it. A year later the Pope decided to repay the king by crowning him emperor. The effects of this was that the Pope now had power to crown the emperor, and this angered the Byzantine emperor.
Conflict eventually arose when Charlemagne believed that God had made him Emperor to do Gods work on Earth, and the Pope was to assist him. Meanwhile, the Pope believed that he was to do Gods work on Earth and the Emperor was to assist him. 200 years later, the views led to a dramatic clash.
PLEASE LET ME IN POPE!! I PROMISE I WILL BE BETTER
In 1073, a new Pope, Pope Gregory, issued a list of rules that declared his authority over everyone. King Henry IV reacted by starting to argue and fight with the Pope. This set the stage for many arguments to come.
Concordat of Worms
I made you emperor and God wants me to do that!
The conflict between Pope Gregory and King Henry started when the king didn't follow the Popes rules and elected his own bishop without taking to the Pope. So, the Pope then appointed his own rival bishop. As a result of this, the people of Europe started taking sides. Also, the Pope excommunicated the King and he lost all his power.
The conflict finally ended when King Henry set off to the Popes manor and stood outside in the snow. After three days, the Pope finally forgave him and let him in. The Pope let him back into the church and King Henry rose to power again.
The power struggle with the Popes and Kings continued through the years. In 1122, the popes and Roman Empire finally came to an agreement, it was called the Concordat of Worms, it gave the Pope and church the sole authority to appoint bishops, emperors to give fiefs to bishops to win their loyalty. However these rules still didn't end conflict.