Charlemagne was a devout Christian ruler who wanted to rule in a religious manner. Charlemagne wanted the title of emperor to have a special relationship with God. He saved Pope Leo III from being removed from office, and they worked together to make their city
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Eventually, Charlemagne was promoted to emperor by Pope Leo III. The lasting effects due to this coronation were strengthening the power of the Church in Western Europe, and a growing division of Eastern and Western churches in Europe. This division escalated into an argument over many centuries.
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Charlemagne believed that God had made him emperor in order to do God’s work on Earth. The Pope believed that the Church had made Charlemagne emperor. This seemingly small disagreement turned into something bigger. 200 years later, these different views led to a dramatic clash an emperor and the pope.
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In 1073, Pope Gregory issued a list of rules declaring his supreme power over both the Church and secular or non church leaders, the power to choose pope, and the power to remove an emperor from the throne. King Henry IV reacted as if this list of rules was a direct attack on his own power and rights. Henry then ignored the rules and decided to appoint his own bishop.
In response to Henry appointing a new bishop illegally, Pope Gregory chose a rival bishop. Then, Henry tried to remove Gregory as Pope. Pope Gregory then excommunicated Henry, and freed Henry’s subjects from their feudal oaths of loyalty to the emperor.
The conflict resulted in Pope Gregory being forced out of office. Later, the Concordat of Worms was written, and gave the Church full authority to appoint bishops, and emperors to give fiefs to bishops to earn loyalty. Although a written code seemed promising, the conflicts never really ended.