The Pope crowned the king emperor. This had a lasting effect of the Church in Western Europe because it showed that the Church had power. But, in Eastern Europe, this was seen as an insult to the Byzantine Empire, and would later lead to the division between the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches.
I crown you KING!!
I alone have the power to choose bishops and have authority over both the Church and secular leader. I can also remove emperors from power!!!
I appointed my own bishop of Milan, Italy!
The Pope crowned the King emperor. This had a lasting effect because it showed that the Church had power. But, in Eastern Europe, this idea was an insult to the Byzantine emperor, which would later lead to the division between the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches.
Well, I appointed a bishop, too!
Pope Gregory VII was a pope of great power. He believed that the pope had the authority to choose bishops. He also claimed to have the right over the Church and secular ruler, as well as be able to remove emperors from the throne.
You are banished from the Church and all Church activities!!
Henry IV, the emperor at the time, did not like the Pope's new rules. He saw it as an attack online own power and rights. Henry decided to ignore the Pope's rules.
Both the emperor and pope thought that they had the right to chose the bishops. So they both appointed bishops in different cities. These bishops were rivals and so were the pope and emperor.
First, the emperor tried to remove the pope. The pope then excommunicated him, or excluded him from the church. The pope also freed the emperor's subjects from their oaths of loyalty to the emperor.
The pope eventually forgave the emperor, but the conflict continued. The emperor took revenge on the pope by forcing him from power with his army. The conflict continued until about 1122, when the Church and Holy Roman Empire made an agreement called the Concordat of Worms. This agreement let the Church chose the bishops, but the emperor could win their loyalty by giving them grants of land.