John Locke publishes An Essay Concerning Human Understanding
My senses tell me that this apple is red. With reflection, I can assume it is ripe
Immanuel Kant Publishes the Critique of Pure Reason
From here, I may think that object on the tree is a bird, when in reality, it is an apple. This proves that our minds alter sense-perceptions
Hobbes was an English political theorist. His most renowned work was Leviathan, from 1651. In it, his argument derives from the social contract theory and the idea of total submission to authority. The social contract theory states that citizens should obey so long as nothing was wrong. Hobbes explained that prehistoric people willingly appointed rulers due to fear of chaos and that people should not complain about rulers as people willingly submitted to governments to maintain peace.
Do not get mad at the ruler. Though you might not like some things he does, without him, there would be chaos and that is much worse.
John Locke was an English philosopher. Many renown his book An Essay Concerning Human Understanding from 1689 as the main tenet of empiricism, the school of philosophy theory that all knowledge derives from sense-experience. He argues against the concept of innate ideas, explaining that all ideas claimed to be innate can derive from sense experience. He goes on to explain that there are two sources of knowledge, sensation and reflection of the sensations.
Immanuel Kant was a Prussian German philosopher who's most significant work was his Critique of Pure Reason from 1781. In this, Kant criticizes the empiricist theory of knowledge. He explains that we can only ever know what our mind allows us to process, as our unique mind shapes and alters all sense-perceptions from that of the reality. Kant demonstrates that some things simply cannot be known.