"I cannot and will not recant anything, since it is neither safe nor right to go against conscience."
Martin Luther, "Do you recant what you said?"
January - 1521
In January 1521, Pope Leo excommunicated Luther. He was then summoned to appear at the Diet of Worms, an assembly of the Holy Roman Empire. Luther refused to recant and was declared an outlaw and heretic.
Luther was allowed to leave the Diet of Worms, but he was declared an outlaw. Emperor Charles issued the Edict of Worms, declaring Luther a heretic and ordering his death. Fredrick the Wise of Saxony favored Luther and arranged for him to be kidnapped and taken to the Wartburg Castle.
Luther spent nearly a year in Wartburg Castle continuing to write and share his ideas. Martin Luther was one of the most influential figures in Western History.