The first nuclear test explosion took place in Kazakhstan.
Hundreds of thousands of people were forcibly moved to Kazakhstan in the 1940's. It included Koreans, Crimean Tatars, Germans, and many others.
Today is the protest in Almaty.
About 2 million people (mainly Russians) moved to Kazakhstan in 1954-1962 during a campaign. The campaign was to develop virgin lands and it was launched by the soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev. A proportion of ethnic Kazakhs in the republic then dropped about 30%.
I, Nursultan Nazarbayev, have been elected as president today.
The first nuclear test explosion took place in Kazakhstan in 1949. It took place at the Semipalatinsk nuclear test grounds in eastern Kazakhstan and some 100,000 people in the area are still affected by the radiation today.
The protest in Almaty took place in 1986. It took place after the soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev appointed Gennadiy Kolbin (an ethnic Russian) as head of the Communist party of Kazakhstan (CPK). He replaced Dinmukhamed Kunayev, who was an ethnic Kazakh.
Nursultan Nazarbayev was elected as president in 1990. He was elected by the supreme soviets and was the first Kazakh president. On October 25, he declared state sovereignty.