Imperialism played a vital role during this time. European nations began to imperialize first, for they were already doing it during the Industrial Revolution. They needed more resources, and a greater market; these factors drove imperialism. Along with that, most European nations, like Britain, had enough money and power to imperialize lands in Asia and Africa, and they wanted to prove they were the superior race. Overall, imperialism had an impactful role when it came to the success of the European nations.
Social Darwinism was a driving force for imperialism. It was the belief that one particular group was superior than the rest based on genetics, and the ability to succeed. Europeans believed this, and by doing so, decided it was best to spread their ideas and imperialize.
A factor that influenced imperialism was the weakening of the Ottoman Empire. Because there was a series of weak sultans, the empire was unable to keep up with modern times. Since it was becoming weak, it also became desirable by several European nations. It was an example of geopolitics, which is when a nation becomes desirable by others for either its location or resources.
The Crimean War, which took place in Crimea over the Crimean Peninsula, was between the Ottomans and the Russians. Alongside the Ottomans were the French and British. The Russians waged war on the Ottomans because they wanted land on the Black Sea. The Russians were defeated when the war concluded, yet the Ottoman empire continued to weaken.
The East India Company was the leading power in India. It was started and used by the British to govern India, but later became its own separate branch, for the type of control used was indirect, meaning that the locals served as government officials.
The British controlled most of the Indian subcontinent, and released a new rifle. Rumor spread among the locals that the cartridges were greased with beef and pork fat, and required the sepoys to bite them off; this went against Hindu and Muslim religion, and so, the sepoys rebelled. The Sepoy Rebellion caused the British to switch from indirect to direct control over India, for fierce fighting occurred over a mere rumor, that to this day, still has not been proven true.