After Luther had offended the Pope, the Pope had decided to strike back by releasing the Papal Bull, a document that said, "all members of the church should burn Luther's papers if came a crossed."
A Powerful Friend
Luther responded to the Pope by burning the Papal Bull right in front of his professors and students. While he was throwing the paper, he said, "As thou hast wasted the Holy One of God, so may the internal flames waste thee."
Why They're Called "Protestants"
The Pope invited Martin to the church, saying he would nothing would happen to him if he came. When Martin arrived, the church officials piled his writings in front of him and ordered Martin to recant, which means to take back all that he had said, but Martin Luther refused. He said to the church officials, "Here I stand; I cannot do otherwise. God, help me. Amen."
What Happened to Martin
Fortunately, Luther had a powerful friend, Prince Frederick of Saxony. As Luther traveled back to Wittenberg, Frederick sent five masked horsemen to pretend to kidnap Luther. They took him to a castle and didn’t tell anyone where he was. Luther stayed in that castle for 10-months.
Because of Luther's rebellion, members of the church believed they no longer had to obey the Pope and left the church. These people were known as Protestants. Catholics and Protestants became enemies, and wars broke out.
Martin had returned to Wittenburg and kept preaching and writing for the rest of his life. He also said he would be happy if “all my books could disappear and the Scripture alone would be read.”