In the Atlantic colonies the Mi'kmaq, Maliseet , and the Passamaquoddy First Nations had signed Peace and Friendship treaties with the Bristish government, these treaties guaranteed Aboriginal rights to hunt and fish throughout the region and to maintain a reasonable livelihood.
At the same time, immigrants from Europe and the United States continued to arrive. They expected cheap and even free land. The government did little to protect the small territories reserved for First Nations.
The government rejected Chief Briot's plea. A commissioner responded that based on the government observations at the reserve at Burnt Church. First Nations people " are not well adapted to became valuable settlers.
The colonists benefited from the industries that developed on what was once First Nations land. However, they rarely offered jobs to First Nations people to work in these industries. The local First Nations tried to earn a living in different ways.
They used their skills to make maple syrup, berries, and other wild produce to sell to the colonists.
They also made baskets, brooms, and barrels to sell.