Constitutional Convenction

Constitutional Convenction

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  • We can not come up with contradictions without any dissagreements between the states! 
  • This is a Disaster!
  • I came from Maryland, and I am here to help revise the Articles of Confederation.
  • ....therefore, the Virginia Plan is the best option for bigger states.
  • I have an answer to your plan. 
  • Yes Madison, the Virginia Plan is a good idea,but, what about the small states? 
  • The representatives of each state could not come together and compromise, so  they could not put anything on the Articles of Confederation.
  • That is why Wilson and I came up with the 3/5 Compromise.
  • But what about slaves? What if a big state does not have lot of people but has a lot of slaves. What about the small states with more slaves?
  • Shay's rebellion shocked the goverment and caused the them to call a convention, so they came together and talked about revising the Articles of Confederation. 
  • What about the south? 
  • Roger Sherman came up with the idea that they could have a two-house government.  One house would be the house of representatives. The number of representatives would rely on the state's population. The second house would be the senate. Each state would have two senates that are elected by the legislatures. This plan was called the Great Compromise.
  • James Madison created the 3/5 Compromise because in the Great Compromise, the house of representatives was based off of the population of people that they had in that state.  Madison purposed a compromise that slaves were counted 3/5 of a person. Almost all representatives  voted for it because that was the only thing that kept the convection going. 
  • The South was worried that the North would vote out slavery, and they were nervous that the congress would outlaw the slave trade.  South Carolina and Georgia said that their economies would collapse if they didn't have a constant supply of slaves. To satisfy the southerners they created the fugitive slave clause. Escaped slaves would have to be returned to their owners even if they escaped to a state that has banned slaves. 
  •  The states should also ratify the Constitution because the federalists thought that the Constitution should only be for the government.  But the anti-federalists thought that the Constitution gave the government too much power, and without the bill of rights, there would a lot of power that is being used in the wrong way.  Some were afraid to sign the Constitution because some were not sure if it was at the best of it's ability. When the signing was over, Franklin was not sure if the sun was setting or rising, but at the end he saw the sun was rising because there was hope. 
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