I, Baron de Montesquieu, established the belief of separation of powers and check and balances,. These two policy ensure that n branch of government is too powerful
One example would be that the president can veto any bills that the legislative branch wants to pass. To counter this, the legislative branch can override the veto if they receive a 2/3 majority or higher of the votes
U.S. Constitution Abe Khan
Declaration of Independence
¨We hold these truths to be self -evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness.¨
This is the preamble of the Declaration of Independence, which was signed at Independence hall on August 2, 17776
Articles of Confederation
Strengths -can receive ambassadors -can declare war -can make treaties -Northwest Ordinance of 1787 -Creation of Treaty of Paris Weaknesses -no national currency -no ability to tax the states -no standing army -no president -State Government more powerful than Federal Government
The declaration of Independence declared the United States independent from Great Britain and led to the formation of self governments. It also established the natural rights that all citizens have and that the government should protect those rights.
Legislative representation needs to be equal for each state!
The slave population should be counted as three fifths in total when it comes to political representation
Three Branches of Government
The Executive Branch is commander in chief and can grant pardons, appoint supreme justices, and make treaties.
The judicial branch consists of the supreme court which can decide cases of constitutional and federal law and settle case involving ambassadors
Bill of Rights
1. Freedom of Religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition 2. Right to bear arms 3. Soldiers can't reside in citizen's homes during peacetime without their consent 4. Prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures 5. Protects citizens from self-incrimination 6. Right to speedy trial, right of the accused 7. Right to trial by jury 8. Protection against cruel unusual punishments 9. Non-enumerated rights reign to the people 10. Powers not issued to the United States by the constitution resign in the states.
Two main political parties rose during the constitutional convention; the federalists and anti-federalists.The federalists believed that political power should be shared between the state and federal government. The anti-federalist were scared of having any power residing in the federal government. The federalists gained anti-federalist support by proposing a bill of rights.
There should be three branches of government!
The Constitution needs to have a Bill of rights!
The Legislative branch makes laws, set taxes, declare war, and override vetoes
Legislative Branch- 2 senators per state(6 yr term) , number of representative based on state population.(2 yr term) Executive Branch-President(4 yr term), Vice president(4 yr term), and Cabinet Judicial-9 supreme court justices(serve for life unless impeached)
Ratification is the act of signing or formal consent to a treaty or agreement, making it fully valid. All treaties, contracts, and agreements must be ratified by the legislative branch in order to pass.