Galileo Galilei was an Italian physicist and astronomer whos newly invented telescope helped discover four of the moons circling Jupiter, study Saturn, observe the phases of Venus, and to study sunspots on the Sun.
Nicolaus Copernicus was mathematician and astronomer Put forth the theory that the Sun is at rest near the center of the Universe, and that the Earth, spinning on its axis once daily, revolves annually around the Sun.
Louis Pasteur was a French biologist, microbiologist and chemist renowned for his discoveries of the principles of vaccination, microbial fermentation and pasteurization.
Robert Boyle was an Anglo-Irish natural philosopher, chemist, physicist, and inventor. largely regarded today as the first modern chemist, and therefore one of the founders of modern chemistry, and one of the pioneers of modern experimental scientific method
Marie Skłodowska Curie was a naturalized-French physicist and chemist who conducted pioneering research on radioactivity. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize.