This is a colony, there was only 13 in North America that was owned by the British. They were in Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, Virginia, New York, North Carolina, and Rode Island. A colony is an area in which a foreign country grabs a bit of land.
In order to get this land, England had to fight the French and wars are not cheap so Britain decided to tax the colonists. But colonist didn't really admire the plan. Colonists decided that Britain had to have their government in the colonies. So the colonists came up with the phrase " No taxation without representation."
The phrase basically means that if there wasn't anyone in the colonies the Parliment should not ta them since they didn't know what it's like in the colonies.
The Boston Massacre was British men shooting in a crowd of protesters. The event caused 10 to be injured and 6 out of those 10 killed. The British shot into the crowd because of an event earlier, a colonist said to a soldier a curse and the officer got mad and hit the colonist in the head. then the colonist ran back in the crowd. The colonists realized what happened and drew a big crowd of protesters. They shouted to the soldiers and the anger boiled over and the British shot the crowd.
The Boston Tea Party was an event that the sons of liberty dressed up like Indians and threw tea in the Harbor. The colonists thought that the tea tax was not fair so to react they did The Boston Tea Party.
War inevitably happens, The British and the Colonies were not at peace with one and another adding to that the events like too many taxes and inequality made the colonists mad. So the colonists decided to act against the British like The Boston Tea Party. so whenever two groups act like that a fight is inevitable big or small.