There were economic problems and starvation, and France was in debt because of deficit spending. Social inequalities existed, and the Third Estate felt insignificant compared to the First and Second Estates. The ruler, Louis XVI, was also a weak and ineffective leader.
WHY ARE YOU NOT WORKING?!
The National Assembly, which represented the French people, took the Tennis Court Oath and swore to continue pushing for a fair constitution. Additionally, the French stormed the Bastille, which was an alarming signal to Louis XVI to stop the abuse of the monarchy. The National Assembly also created the Declaration of the Rights of Man that solidified the rights that every person should have.
We are leaving this colony!
The National Assembly made France a republic and eradicated the monarchy. The king and queen were executed. France then became an oligarchy and eventually, a dictatorship. Napoleon Bonaparte became the dictator of France and made laws fairer to everyone.
In Haiti, originally San Domingue, there was social inequality between the white people and the people of color, who were mostly slaves. The black people in San Domingue hated slavery, which was a big conflict between them and their white owners. The news of the French Revolution reached San Domingue by traders on ships, and that sparked a revolution in this colony.
GIVE US FREEDOM!
The slaves organized a revolt against the white men, which was successful even though the French, Spanish, and British tried to stop them. Toussaint L'Ouverture led this rebellion. Napoleon sent French troops to try to reclaim the colony, and L'Ouverture was arrested. The French were finally driven out when the slaves burned everything on the island, including sugar plantations, making it no longer useful to the French.
Slavery became illegal in San Domingue, and people were free. Finally, the people had freedoms and equal rights. San Domingue, now called Haiti, became the first black republic.