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1828 - Congress passed a tarrif on imported goods. Jackson's VP John Calhoun claimed that the states had the right to nullify this law. 1832 - South Carolina passed the Nullification act and threatened to secede from the union. Jackson however persuaded congress to pass the Force bill letting him use military force to enforce the law. South Carolina backed down when the tarrif price was lowered.
White settlers and Jackson pressured congress to pass the Indian removal act of 1830. Congress established the first Indian territory in what is present day Oklahoma. Most of the tribes were pressured to sign treaties and move west but the Cherokee refused. The Cherokee went to the Supreme court and Chief Justice John Marshall ruled in favor of the Cherokee. Jackson did not care he said that the Cherokee could stay but they would use military force to move them.
In 1838 Martin Van Buren ordered 15,000 Cherokee under military guard to march West to the Indian Territory . Over 4,000 Cherokee died along the journey due to hunger, disease and exposure to the weather. This journey has been called the Trail Of Tears.
Jackson's last battle was with the second bank of the United State. Jackson thought that the bank was unconstitutional and a symbol of a big government. Clay and Webster voted to renew the bank thinking that if Jackson veto it it would hurt him. Jackson did veto it but people supported him and re-elected him. He removed the money from the national bank and gave it to the states banks.
The Kitchen Cabinet was a term used by his opponents. Since everybody in his cabinent was family members or people who supported him and had no experience with goverment work.
“Did Andrew Jackson promote Democracy in the United States?” Jackson is seen as a pivitol turn in the American history. He has greatly improved the power of presidency but most of his decisions were seen as controversy.
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