Great britain exported Opium into china because of a trade imbalance. Britain had to pay gold and silver for chinese goods because they chinese didn’t have a need for Britain’s manufactured goods. To make up for the imbalance Britain exported opium to get the chinese addicted, so they could pay for chinese goods.
Spheres of influence
The first opium war started when china tried to stop the opium trade. China destroyed 1,400 lbs of opium which angered the british. Fighting broke out after britain destroyed a chinese blockade. Peace negotiations began quickly which allowed Britain to trade with china.
Hong Xiuquan led the Taiping Rebellion claiming the was the brother of Jesus sent to reform china. He preached against the quing dynasty and gained many poor followers who were unhappy with they dynasty. He formed an army and conquered major cities to established the Taiping dynasty.
After Britain gained trading rights with China, France, Germany, Japan and Russia forced china to sign treaties that allowed them to trade as well.
The boxers wanted to get rid of all foreigners in china. At first china ignored the movement, but when they moved into the city they instructed that the military support them.