This chapter follows the city of Le Chambon, and more specifically a Huguenot pastor Trocmé, who protested against laws they felt did not follow the word of God, and helped hide Jews who were seeking refuge.
While the towns people never explicitly hid their actions from authorities, no actions were ever taken against them. This shows that even groups that may seem "weak" are never as weak as they seem.
Trocmé was eventually arrested for his crimes, and offered him freedom in exchange for him agreeing to follow the laws he originally protested against. Trocmé refused, claiming that he had gone through experiences much worse, and so was not afraid of the Nazi officers.