we hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.
We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
Separations of Powers
The Three Branches
Bill of Rights
FIRST TEN AMENDMENTS
Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition.2 Right to keep and bear arms in order to maintain a well regulated militia.3No quartering of soldiers.4Freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures.5Right to due process of law, freedom from self-incrimination, double jeopardy.6Rights of accused persons, e.g., right to a speedy and public trial.7 Right of trial by jury in civil cases.8Freedom from excessive bail, cruel and unusual punishments.9Other rights of the people. 10Powers reserved to the states.
Declaration of independence
an act of vesting the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate bodies.
The Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia met between May and September of 1787 to address the problems of the weak central government that existed under the Articles of Confederation.