Mahmoud's house was bombed by the Syrian military. Constant war made Waleed (Mahmoud's little brother) use to war and think that constant war and kayos was normal. Constant war made Mahmoud and the rest of his family in constant fear of being shot and eager to leave Syria.
Mahmoud and his family got an inflatable boat to Europe. The boat popped on a rock and Mahmoud and his family were tossed into the water. Joseph found another boat but their was not enough room for his whole family, just his baby sister. He had to give his baby sister to a stranger so that she would survive. This changed Mahmoud and made him think that it was his fault that he lost his sister (Hana). This also changed Mahmoud's mother and made her constantly search for Mahmoud's sister.
You will all be arrested!
Mahmoud, Mahmoud's family, and other refugees were taken to Immigration detention center in a town north of Hungary called Gyor. UN observers managed the detention center to make sure that the refugees were treated humane. This is when Mahmoud and the other refugees escaped. The police threatened to arrest the refugees but couldn't with the UN observers watching. This taught Mahmoud that if he stayed invisible, good people would not be able to help him.