We should go back on land to our flakes to dry our fish!
I got another load of fish!
Phase 2: Expansion Inland
Our country is going to be so rich when we sell these as hats!
Phase 3: Rival Networks
The Eurpeans fish off the east coast. Some countries had drying stations called flakes where they dry and preserve their fish.
Phase 4: The Drive West
LISTEN UP PEOPLE! THIS COLONY IS NOW UNDER BRITISH CONTROL!
Hmm, I guess things are going to change.
France starts to expand inland through the St. Lawrence River and sets up settlements along the river. They began to ship goods to the settlements and furs back to Europe. The Ouendat became middlemen between New France and the other FN. War also broke out between the Haudenosaunee and the French. During the war, the Haaudenosaunee took out of Ouendat and that lead to coureurs de bois, or independant fur traders.
Phase 5: Monopoly in the West
I wonder where the animals are?
Take these furs back to Europe, and we will take the goods to the FN.
We got here first! Leave this place!
The British started to set up a company to rival the French. They called their company the Hudson's Bay Company. The Cree and the Nakoda became middlemen for both the French and the British while the Anishinabe and Canadien coureurs de bois were middlemen for just the French. Cross culture marriages started happening and soon Scottish and Francophone Metis emerged.
Get out of here! This is our land!
In 1763, Britain took over the French colony. When they took over, they shifted their focus on agricultural products. Since they also controlled the fur trade they formed the North West Company to manage the fur trade. Even though it was it was the British who were in charge, the company depended on its Candien and Metis workers. As both colonies expanded west, they collided in Manitoba. The Metis started to really develop near the Red River and they helped in the fur trade by being guides, provisioners, and interpreters.
The HBC gained monopoly in the west but started to lose it when the Metis were allowed to trade with the Americans. The fur trade started to dwindle as buffalo disappeared and beavers became scarce. Europe's demand for furs also went down. As the amount of food went down, FN were forced to move. Some fur trade forts became permanent settlements.