Wisdom reminds the legislative branch to the wise when creating the laws. Justice appeals to the judicial branch for fair and just decisions. Moderation urges the executive branch to carry out laws calmly within the boundaries of the law.
The Georgia flag symbolizes our state. The three pillars on the flag represent our three branches.
I wonder what the Georgia flag is and what it stands for?
Alright class, lets discuss the qualifications, length of terms, elections, and the duties of State Senators and Representatives. Legislators for both houses have to be a US citizen, a Georgia citizen for at least 2 years, and a legal resident in their districts for at least 1 year. Senators must be at least 25 years old and representatives must be 21. If someone is serving in the military then they cannot be a senator or a representative.
The legislative branch session begins on the second Monday in January and lasts for 40 days. Members who made the laws have to ensure the citizens welfare, proposing the Georgia budget, and have to amend the constitution. Only the House of Representatives may introduce bills designed to raise revenue, appropriate funds, or impeach. But only the Senate may determine the guilt or innocence of impeached officials or approve/reject decisions made by the governor.
Members of both houses of the General Assembly serve 2 year terms, and they are elected in their local districts. Elections occur only on the even numbered years.
What are we learning about today Mrs. Lillevik?
I am the Speaker of the House and I am elected by the members of the House. I act as the head of the House of Representatives.
And I am the lieutenant governor and I am elected by the state of Georgia in a statewide election. My duty is to preside over the Senate.
I wonder how the governor and the lieutenant governor get elected, their qualifications, their duties, and the length of their terms?
The governor and the lieutenant governor both have the same qualifications. You have to be 30 years old, be a US citizen for at least 15 years, and be a Georgia resident for at least 6 years. To become a governor or lieutenant governor you must win a statewide election by the popular vote. Once in office, the governor can serve for a 4 year term, with 2 consecutive terms. The lieutenant governor also serves for a 4 year term but there is not a limit on the number of terms. The governors duties are to enforce laws, appoint people to state office, signing bills into laws, suggesting new state programs and laws, and directing the state budget. The lieutenant governor is basically the governors assistant and does whatever the governor tells them to do. The lieutenant governor is also the president of the Senate and s/he decides the committees chairs.
Appellate Courts -They only hear cases that are appealed from lower courts -These courts make sure trials are fair and are following the Georgia Constitution 2 types 1. Supreme Court Highest court in state and it is made up of 7 justices elected to 6 year terms 2. Court of Appeals -Second highest court in the state and it is made up of 12 judges.
Trial Courts -Trial Courts hear cases first and they can be judged by a group of citizens called a jury, or simply by a judge 5 types 1. Superior Courts- Hear any civil or criminal case, they have a judge and jury. 2. State Courts- Hear misdemeanor violations and civil cases. 3. Juvenile Courts- Hear children that are under the age of 17 and deprived children under 18; no jury 4. Probate Courts- Handles administrative matters 5. Magistrate Courts- Handle civil claims of $15,000 or less like bad checks
I wonder what the differences of cicil and criminal laws are?
That is a great question !! A criminal case is introduced by the government when they think someone has committed a crime. The governments prosecuting attorney tries to convince the judge that the defendant, (person accused) is guilty and committed the crime. The defendant has the right to defend himself. If the judge decides the defendant is guilty, he can be put in jail, pay a fine, or both. A misdemeanor crime calls for less than a year in jail, and a felony calls for more than one year in jail.