During the end of the tenure of John Adams' presidency, he appointed 15 supreme court justices, who were known as the justices of the peace.
Marbury was quite angry over this decision, so he decided to sue the secretary of state James Madison forcing him to deliver a commission as a justice of peace
There was one man in particular named William Marbury who was appointed by John Adams but was not sworn in as a judge under Jefferson rule.
The issue with just issuing him a commission or a writ of mandamus is that both are a denial of the basic principles of supremacy.
ught It is also out of the supreme courts jurisdiction to deal with this case, it was immediately brought to the supreme court when only cases involving ambassedors and other people such as ministers and consuls
They voted against William Marbury, therefore he did not get his commission.
An impact of the Murbury v. Madison case is that the supreme court became an equal part of the government
Instead of deciding decisions the Supreme Court instead just interprets the Constitution.