the Virginia plan was told to the public by Edmund Randolph but was made by James Madison he said the delegates would create a strong national government many people said no to it but then came the new jersey plan it kept the configuration but allowed the congress to tax.
The Virginia Plan V. The New Jersey Plan
Many compromises were made one of which that there would be a senate for each state depending on the states population another compromise was that they could also count the enslaved people to the population.
The Great Compromise
People worried without the bill of rights there would be no protection from the new government would abuse their power.