Opium trade, in Chinese history, the traffic that developed in the 18th and 19th centuries in which Western countries, mostly Great Britain, exported opium grown in India and sold it to China. The British used the profits from the sale of opium to purchase such Chinese luxury goods as porcelain, silk, and tea, which were in great demand in the West.
The Opium Wars were two wars in the mid-19th century involving China and the British Empire over the British trade of opium and China's sovereignty. The wars and events between them weakened the dynasty and forced China to trade with other parts of the world.
The Taiping Rebellion was a massive rebellion or total civil war in China that was wages from 1850 to 1864 between the two dynasties. The Taiping Rebellion was the revolt against the Ch’ing dynasty of China. It was ed by Hung Hsiu-ch'üan and he wanted to found a new dynasty.