During the Second Great Awakening, people started to shift away from Calvinism. People started believing that the church was corrupt. Deism focused on reason and science. Camp meetings were held where people would listen to speeches and spread the word.
Listen to reason and science! Spread the word and society will prosper!
Horace Mann was one of the most famous advocates for education. He believe that all children should receive an education. He also believed it should be free and funded by the state and federal government. He believed that the stability of the nation depended on it.
I believe that ALL children deserve an education!
Temperance was one of the most popular reforms. There was an extremely high rate of alcohol consumption at the time, which could cause accidents in factories. This also slowed productivity. The American Temperance Society was formed.
In public asylums, the mentally insane were seen as being ill or possessed. If someone wasn't normal, they would be locked away. Dorothea Dix wanted to fix this problem by traveling and documenting the poor treatment of the ill.
Please help me! Don't lock me away! I'm not possessed!
The Seneca Falls Convention was held in New York. This convention declared the rights of women. Some of the most famous women during this time were Stanton and Anthony, who were advocates for women's suffrage.
Give women rights! All men and women are created equal!
Transcendentalists believed that nature was empowering and it was best to live a simple life. They stressed that the government should not be telling people what to do, especially if it was unjust. They also believed in individualism and self-reliance.