It was 1519. The Aztecs, an indigenous people, were living in what is now Mexico. Moctezuma was their leader. They spoke Nahuatl and they practiced a polytheistic religion.
It would not last, however, because Hernan Cortes was leading the Spanish to attack and ultimately conquer Tenochtitlan, the capital city of the Aztecs.
The Spanish defeated the greater population of the Aztecs in 1521, using stronger weapons. The Aztecs also got smallpox, which they had never been exposed to. After Hernan Cortes conquered the Aztecs, they were forced to speak Spanish and practice catholicism.
The culture of the Spanish carried over to the Mexican cultures of today. There are many similarities, including the language and religion.
The Aztec culture also shows, especially in dia de los muertos, or day of the dead. The Aztecs didn’t fear death, and that is why the Mexicans celebrate it.
Thank you for listening to me talk about the Aztecs and Spaniards. They both had an amazing affect on Mexican society as we know it today.