The Etruscan influence of engineering on the Romans
Rome is located in Italy, which includes a peninsula and islands in southern Europe. The Italian peninsula is shaped a lot like a boot and reaches into the Mediterranean Sea with its toe pointed toward the island of Sicily.
The Etruscan influence of sports on the Romans
The Romans have a myth about the founding of their city. Long ago, the story explains, a princess gave birth to twin sons, Romulus and Remus. The boys' father was Mars, the Roman god of war. The princess's uncle—the king—was afraid the boys would grow up to take his throne, so he ordered his men to drown them in the Tiber (TIE-bur) River. However, before the twins drowned, a wolf rescued them.
The Greek influence of architecture on the Roman civilization
Etruscan arches rested on two pillars, which supported a half-circle of wedge-shaped stones. A keystone in the center held the other stones of the arch tightly in place.
The Greek influence of writing, art, and religion on the Romans
Romans also adapted two bloody Etruscan sporting events. The first was slave fighting. The Etruscan custom was to stage slave fights during funerals. Two slaves of the dead master fought to the death with swords and small shields. After being congratulated, the winner was executed.
The Greeks constructed marble temples as homes for their gods. Temples like the Parthenon had stately columns that added to their beauty. The Romans also used concrete to build huge stadiums like the Colosseum, where gladiators fought
The Greeks carved important documents, such as laws and treaties, into bronze or stone plaques, some of which were displayed in the public squares.The Greek influence on Roman painting and sculpture was so great that historians speak of “Greco-Roman art. The early Romans had their own gods and rituals, but their ideas about the gods evolved as they interacted with other cultures.