The Persians had conquered Ionia. The Ionians wanted to revolt in 499 B.C.E but they knew they couldn’t alone so they asked Athens for help, the Athenians came to help but left after their initial success. Unfortunately the Persians won against the Ionians and they punished them too.
Battle Of Salamis
The Persian King asked the Greeks to submit under his rule. When the Greeks refused, he sent a large army to Marathon in 490 B.C.E. Both sides hesitated to attack until the Athenians attacked and won because of their clever planning.
Battle of Platea
The Persian King sent sent 180,000 men to Thermopylae on 480 B.C.E. 300 Spartan soldiers had to fight them off, they all died but their bravery is still remembered.
After the battle of Thermopylae the athenians found out that the Spartan army had been defeated they panicked and boarded ships. A navy leader named Themistocles found out a way to attack the Persians by tricking them into entering a narrow channel where the Greeks rammed and destroyed 300 Persian boats.
After the defeat at Salamis Xerxes fled with some of his soldiers. Xerxes left the rest of his army with a command to attack in the spring. The athenian army, led by the spartans with a force of 80,000 troops, destroyed the Persian Army outside the town of Plataea in 479 B.C.E.
Finally after the defeat at Salamis, the Persian Army had been destroyed. Thousand of Greeks were dead and Athens was in ruins but the Athenians would rebuild the city and raise it to a greater glory.