Transcription is when DNA is copied into RNA. DNA is unzipped and a mRNA strand is built as a copy of a gene. Although, in RNA, instead of thymine, there is uracil. RED= Adenine BLUE= Thymine/Uracil GREEN= Guanine YELLOW= Cystosine
After the DNA is copied into RNA, the mRNA leaves the nucleus and goes to a ribosome. The DNA zips back up when the mRNA leaves.
Translation is when the newly made RNA is used as a recipe to build a protein.
The ribosome reads the recipe in mRNA and attaches amino acids in the correct order to make a protein.
The amino acids detach and form a protein!
If there is a mistake in either of these processes, organisms might not get the proteins that they need. The organism can have a mutation, or contract an illness, which can be very dangerous if they do not get the correct proteins.