transcription and translation

transcription and translation

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  • Transcription is when DNA is copied into RNA. DNA is unzipped and a mRNA strand is built as a copy of a gene. Although, in RNA, instead of thymine, there is uracil.  RED= Adenine  BLUE= Thymine/Uracil  GREEN= Guanine  YELLOW= Cystosine
  • After the DNA is copied into RNA, the mRNA leaves the nucleus and goes to a ribosome. The DNA zips back up when the mRNA leaves.
  • Translation is when the newly made RNA is used as a recipe to build a protein. 
  • Protein
  • The ribosome reads the recipe in mRNA and attaches amino acids in the correct order to make a protein.
  • The amino acids detach and form a protein!
  • Protein
  • If there is a mistake in either of these processes, organisms might not get the proteins that they need. The organism can have a mutation, or contract an illness, which can be very dangerous if they do not get the correct proteins.  
  • :(
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