Principal Shown : HamartiaBrief Explanation : Oedipus calls down a punishment on the murderer of Laius. Unbeknownst to himself he is the cause of Laius' death. Oedipus unknowningly accidentally curses him self which will lead to his exhile.
"Now my curse on the murder. Whoever he is, a lone man unknown in his crime or one among many, let that man drag out his life in agony, step by painful step-- I curse myself as well ... if by any chance he proves to be an intimate of our house, here at my hearth, with my full knowledge, may the curse I just called down on him strike" (280-287)
Principal Shown : NemesisBrief Explanation : The unavoidable punishment that Oedipus receives is his blindness. He stabs his eyes out using Jocasta's brooches because he was blind to the truth.
He digs them down the sockets of his eyes, crying, "You, you'll see no more the pain I suffered, all the pain I caused!"
"O god - all come true, all burst to light! O light - now let me look my last on you! I stand revealed at last - cursed in my birth, cursed in marriage, cursed in the lives I cut down with these hands!" (1306-1310)