Siddhartha Gautama was a prince who was born in 563 B.C. His family was at a high honor and at a very young age his mother was told that he would become either a wandering holy man or that he would rule all of the world. His father would do the ‘impossible’ in order to keep him from wandering and he did. He kept hidden in the family's palace locked away in complete luxury with not outside connection to the real world.
This made him curious and pondered around for years upon years trying to find some sort of understanding of life.
In his Road to find enlightenment, he lived with the ascetics. His life was lived in a place with no hope or comfort. He soon realized that the very extreme, was never the answer either.
Until one day, he found himself underneath a tree and mediated until he had found out the mystery of life. He fought off demons and spirits but had soon rose to become the Buddha.
When he became 29, he knew he had to go out and explore. His first few times exploring away from his luxurious life, he came to find a sick man, an elderly person, and a dead body. He only saw suffering and was confused. This made the prince even more determined to venture out and find a life without suffering.
NIRODHA3. THE ONLY CURE FOR SUFFERING IS TO OVERCOME NON-VIRTURE
DUKKA1. All LIFE IS FULL OF SUFFERING, PAIN, AND SORROW.
THE FOUR NOBLE TRUTHS
SAMUDAYA2. THE CAUSE OF SUFFERING IS NON-VIRTURE, OR NEGATIVE DEEDS AND MINDSETS SUCH AS HATRED OR DESIRE
MAGGA4. THE WAY TO OVERCOME NON-VIRTURE IS TO FOLLOW THE EIGHTFOLD PATH...
1. RIGHT VIEWS2. RIGHT ASPIRATIONS3. RIGHT SPEECH4. RIGHT CONDUCT5. RIGHT LIVELIHOOD6. RIGHT EFFORT7. RIGHT MINDFULNESS8. RIGHT CONTEMPLATION
The 8 things, the 4 Noble Truths and as well as living a moral life are factors of reaching NIRVANA or UNION within the Universe.