Arabian Peninsula, also known as Arabia, is one of the hottest and driest places on Earth. Almost the entire 1.2 million square miles is scorching desert and dry, flat land. Rain falls in few places, making water scarce and precious.
Islam has about 1.5 billion followers worldwide. Its prophet, Muhammad, was born into a family of Mecca’s ruling tribe about 570. Muslims believe that Muhammad demonstrated perfectly how to apply the Qur’an in daily life. This system of law is comprehensive.
The Qur’an, Islam’s holy book, provides religious guidance to Muslims on all aspects of life, from saying prayers to conducting business. Muslims also look to the Sunna, or Muhammad’s example, to guide their behavior.