Sex: Female Age: 6 (already having experienced neglect from a younger age of 0-4, being a young girl, we can already detect signs of the impact that maltreatment is having on her at this age and can see the effects it has on her behavior and characteristics.) Build: skinny and small due to a lack of food provided by parents. Unable to look after herself so can appear messy. Character: due to neglect, the character of this young girl is timid and shy with low sociable skills and sympathy. Has attention seeking attributes. Easily frustrated with poor speech skills and peer relations which even more lonely appeal to the child. Background: is an only child. her mother was in prison during the ages of 0-4 and her father is a drug addict who pays little attention to her and instead focuses on his work to pay for his addiction. This causes a severe level of neglect from parents.
NEGLECT - mother is in prison during the ages of 0-4. Mostchildren learn how to relate and memorize during ages 0-4, which is crucial forbrain development later on in life. If neglect is evident during this period,children will struggle to develop these skills at an older age, underminingtheir education and learning (Dubowitz et al, 2014). - father is addicted to drugs and shows little attention to his daughter, furthering neglectful aspects from both parents. - research shows that neglect is 64% more common than other forms of maltreatment (Gaudin, 1993) A child experiencing neglect will undergo two forms of major impacts: emotional and physical. Emotional neglect is mostly due to a lack of attention and love from parents, siblings, teachers and friends. Because of this, especially if experienced at a young age, children will not be able to develop the basic skills of social and acceptable behavior learnt through the interactions we experience with other people (Welch & Bonner, 2013). Physical neglect is when there is a lack of basic needs for the child such as inadequate supervision or educational neglect (Paul & Guibert, 2008). These forms of neglect will be discussed in the impact report and will be expanded on with the example of the child victim.
Long Term Impacts
A huge impact that results from neglect later on in life is sociable and language skills (Allen & Oliver, 1982). Studies show that children who experienced neglect below the age of 19 had speech development that was below the average threshold (Allen & Oliver, 1982). This is more of an emotional impact than any physical impact. A lower understanding of emotional response and adaptive regulation skills is evident in those who have a past with neglect maltreatment (Shipman et al, 2005). The example child victim in this impact report is female, which research has concluded have a higher mental health manifest as a consequence to child maltreatment when compared to males (Horwitz et al, 2001). These mental health issues develop and generally appear when the child is much older or once they are of adult age. These mental issues include anxiety disorders and depression (Topitzes et al, 2011).
Short Term Impacts
Short term impacts are easily detectable and much more evident in younger children. One of the most common short term impacts of neglect maltreatment is attention span and attention seeking issues. The attention maltreated children get from other people may often result in harmful behaviors towards them or themselves (Dubowitz et al, 2014). Development issues in both emotional and physical aspects can be disrupted and sustained at just the age of 5 years. In pre-schoolers, signs of less creativity and impulse control is strongly evident in those experience neglect (Dubowitz et al, 2014). The example child victim in this impact report will most likely fail to graduate and have lower IQ levels than her classmates due to her neglect maltreatment at home (Topitzes et al, 2011). She will be more passive and withdrawn then the other students due to her lack of peer relationship skills and language comprehension. In some cases, these traits can be seen in children with non-maltreatment at home. However, it is important to understand that if left untreated, these short term impacts will develop into more serious long term impacts that are much harder to deal with.
Likely Offending Behavior
Studies show that a majority of individuals who have psychopathic traits originated from homes where they experience neglect maltreatment with parents who were aggressive or inattentive to their basic needs (Lang et al, 2002). Violent outbursts alongside a lack of remorse and guilt have often landed maltreated individuals onto a criminal path. These violent and aggressive behaviors have a strong link to individuals who are withdrawn from society and struggle to relate with others - which are the short and long term impacts of neglect maltreatment (Lang et al, 2002). Child maltreatment is used to predict the likeliness of adult conviction (Topitzes et al, 2011). The example child victim of this impact report is female, so this must be taken into account. It is found that females who have experienced neglect maltreatment tend to result in juvenile court proceedings due to illegal behavior, more so when associated with crime-involved men (Fagan, 2001). Women also tend to result in drug and alcohol addictions to cope with traumatic symptoms such as anxiety and depression (Fagan, 2011).
Allen, R. E., & Oliver, J. M. (1983). The effects of child maltreatment on language development. Child abuse and neglect, 6(3), 299-305. De Paul, J., & Guibert, M. (2008). Empathy and child neglect. A theoretical model. Child abuse and neglect, 32(11), 1063-1071 Dubowitz, H., Papas, M. A., Black, M. M., & Starr, R. H. (2002). Child neglect: outcomes and in high-risk urban preschoolers. Pediatrics, 109(6), 1100-1107 Hildyard, K. L., & Wolfe, D. A. (2002). Child neglect: developmental issues and outcomes. Child abuse & neglect, 26(6-7), 679-695 James Jr, M. (1995). Child neglect: a guide for intervention. DIANE Publishing Lang, S., Af Klinteberg, B., & Alm, P. O. (2002). Adult psychopathy and violent behavior in males with early neglect and abuse. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 106, 93-100 Shipman, K., Edwards, A., Brown, A., Swisher, L., & Jennings, E. (2005). Managing emotion in a maltreating context: a pilot study examining child neglect. Child abuse & Neglect, 29(9), 1015-1029 Topitzes, J., Mersky, J. P., & Reynolds, A. J. (2011). Child maltreatment and offending behavior: gender-specific effects and pathways. Criminal justice and behavior, 38(5), 492-510