How Laws are Made

How Laws are Made

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  • Guys, the people in this town are just letting their kids stay home whenever they want!
  • We should request bill to our local congressman
  • This looks like it's going to be a good idea
  • Do it! This is the right thing to do. 
  • Yes
  • No
  • Come on! There is no need for this.
  • All laws begin as bills and all bills begin as ideas from the people. 
  • The congressmen will receive ideas from the people or from himself and will create a bill that goes to the House of Representatives or the Senate. Once it reaches this point it will receive the abbreviation of the section of Congress that is was introduced to followed up by a number. It will also be determined as a public bill, which is for everyone, a private bill, which is a specific group of people, or as a resolution, which carried the power of a law but is only tempory, however, it can be renewed. 
  • Great!
  • I think we've made all the changes that we need to.
  • Now that the bill has been assigned a number it will be passed along to committees and subcommittees that will discuss and debate whether the bill is worthy of being a law or not. These committees can just simply recommend the bill to be a law, or they can amend and recommend the bill. If they chose to amend the bill, they have 5 options. They can add on more to the bill that is unrelated. They can create unnecessary spending to it. They can send the bill to the floor unfavorably, which is the next step of the process. They can kill the bill in committee, or just simply rewrite the bill.  Most bills die in committee though. 
  • I think We're all good here. Let's give the people what they want. 
  • Now that one of the previous choices have accepted the bill, it will go to the floor. There will be a general debate about the bill and they will have a mandatory quorum, where a majority of the house members will be present. At this point, the bill will be voted on in both chambers of Congress. When it gets the Senate, there can be a filibuster, where someone or multiple people will talk. This delays the voting on the bill which could possibly result in a withdrawal. This could be the golden ticket or the end to a bill. 
  • Come on Filibuster we want to vote!
  • Assuming that the bill passes the floor, it will go to the Conference Committee which will fix the big differences between the Senate and House versions of the bill. Once this is done there is a final vote once again in the House and Senate. 
  • Finally, the bill will be given to the President who has a choice between 4 options for the bill. He could sign the bill, veto the bill, wait 10 days and let it pass, or wait 10 days and pocket veto the bill. The veto is a disapproval of the bill which can be overridden by Congress with a 2/3rd vote in both chambers. There is also the pocket veto which is when the president waits on the bill until it is too late to be dealt with during the legislative session. Either way the decision of the bill goes, this is the final
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