The fence cutting problem was seen in the eyes of the legislature because rancher Mabel Day was fed up with her fences being destroyed. Fence cutting became a widespread problem as 500 miles of fencing was destroyed The texas legislature put an end to the range wars by passing laws that made fence cutting illegal, that there needed to be a gate every three miles of barbed wire fencing, and that you weren’t able to fence off any land you don’t own or have a lease to.
The Texas oil boom, sometimes called the gusher age, was a period of dramatic change and economic growth in the U.S. state of Texas during the early 20th century that began with the discovery of a large petroleum reserve near Beaumont, Texas. The find was unprecedented in its size (worldwide) and ushered in an age of rapid regional development and industrialization that has few parallels in U.S. history. Texas quickly became one of the leading oil producing states in the U.S., along with Oklahoma and California; soon the nation overtook the Russian Empire as the top producer of petroleum.
Transportation was a major problem facing early settlers in Texas. As late as 1850 the settled area of the state was largely confined to the river bottoms of East and South Texas and along the Gulf Coast. Although steamboat navigation was common on the lower stretches of a number of such rivers as the Rio Grande, Brazos, and Trinity, Texas rivers were not deep enough for dependable year-round transportation. Roads were either poor or nonexistent and virtually impassable during wet weather. Ox carts hauling three bales of cotton could only travel a few miles a day
Cowboys were mostly young men who needed cash. The average cowboy in the West made about $25 to $40 a month.Cowboys occasionally developed a bad reputation for being lawless, and some were banned from certain establishments.Some wore chaps on the outsides of their trousers to protect their legs from sharp cactus needles and rocky terrain.When they lived on a ranch, cowboys shared a bunkhouse with each other. For entertainment, some sang songs, played the guitar or harmonica and wrote poetry.
The impact of oil on Texas and Texans is often analyzed in terms of corporate development, personal and corporate wealth, and the overall economy of the state and politics. Oil also dramatically affected the lives of those who owned the land from which oil was produced, or who were directly involved in oil exploration, extraction and processing. The discoveries of oil fields led to the founding and flourishing of numerous Texas towns, to the establishment of companies that have become multinational conglomerates, and to the amassing of vast personal fortunes.
In 1848 Ebenezer Allen of Galveston obtained a charter for the Galveston and Red River Railway Company. The project remained dormant until taken over by citizens of Houston and Washington County. On January 1, 1853, Paul Bremond and Thomas W. House broke ground for the Galveston and Red River. Although initial progress was slow the company opened its first twenty-five mile segment between Houston and Cypress on July 28, 1856. Shortly thereafter, the name of the railroad was changed to the Houston and Texas Central Railway Company